Body Fatness and Cancer Risk

The International Agency for Research on Cancer’s latest report has advised that an increase in body fatness relates to increased risks of cancer development.

Body fatness and weight gain throughout one’s lifetime are largely determined by modifiable risk factors, such as excess energy intake (unhealthy amounts of food and drink) and physical inactivity (low amounts of exercise).

The following list describes the cancers whose risks are most increased by obesity (in order of highest to lowest risks):

  • Uterus
  • Oesophagus
  • Stomach liver and kidney
  • Pancreas
  • Large bowel and gall bladder
  • Ovary, thyroid and breast

NEJM (Lauby-Secretan et al 2016;375:794-8)